Status of Human Rights in Manipur Report to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Manipur has been continuously under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act of 1958 for over half a century. Under this Act, armed forces of India are accorded sweeping powers including derogation of right to life. Though the Indian armed forces are stationed in Manipur to aid civil administration, the prolonged use of an emergency law has led to wide negative repercussions on governance, policing methods and development initiatives. This stakeholders’ report is the joint submission by the Civil Society Coalition on Human Rights in Manipur and UN, prepared through a collective consultative process, consisting of informal and formal meetings, conducted from September to November 2011. This coalition is the outcome of the collective engagement with the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders during her visit in January 2011.
The report highlights key features of the unacceptable human rights situation prevailing in the frontier State of Manipur in the so-called North-Eastern region of India. It provides vital supplemental information in the examination of India’s human rights situation during the second cycle of the Universal Periodic Review conducted by the UN Human Rights Council this year.
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process conducted by the UN Human Rights Council, involving a review of the human rights record of all 192 UN Member States once every four and a half years. The UPR is a peer review process, whereby UN Member States monitor each others’ human rights record. It provides an opportunity for all States to declare the actions they have taken to improve the human rights situation in their countries and overcome challenges. The ultimate goal of the UPR is the improvement of the human rights situation in every country.
Apart from the information provided by the state under review and other reports received from the UN (such as independent human rights experts and bodies, known as ‘Special Procedures’, human rights treaty bodies, and other UN entities), information from ‘other stakeholders’ including non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and national human rights institutions are also examined in the UPR.
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