UN Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
The UN Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Ms Najat Maalla M’jid is visiting India upon the invitation of the government from 16-27 April 2012.
CSCHR has extended an invitation to her to visit Manipur during her mission to India.
CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW TO READ THE INVITATION LETTER
Her mandate is defined by the specific provisions of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography and the Convention itself, these being the most specific international legal instruments on the subject. She will also draw inspiration from the general comments and decisions of the Committee on the Rights of the Child.
Article 2 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography gives the following definitions:
(a) Sale of children means any act or transaction whereby a child is transferred by any person or group of persons to another for remuneration or any other consideration;
(b) Child prostitution means the use of a child in sexual activities for remuneration or any other form of consideration;
(c) Child pornography means any representation, by whatever means, of a child engaged in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or any representation of the sexual parts of a child for primarily sexual purposes.
The Special Rapporteur will also take other international human rights instruments into account, and some other international agreements that have an impact on the situation of actual or potential child victims of sale, prostitution or pornography. The Special Rapporteur, according to her first report in 2008, wishes to emphasize from the outset that her mandate is set in the context of various mechanisms for the promotion and protection of human rights, in particular within the special procedures system. Her mandate cannot in any sense be taken in isolation from the other mandates. Similarly, the various situations and violations covered by her mandate need to be considered as part of a holistic approach to the protection and promotion of human rights.
A significant part of the Special Rapporteur’s work will involve sharing information and coordinating with those special procedures and treaty bodies whose thematic mandates are by their nature bound up with the issues of sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, in particular the Committee on the Rights of the Child; the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery; the Special Rapporteur on the human rights aspects of the victims of trafficking in persons, especially women and children; the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences; the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants; the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention; the independent expert to direct an in-depth study of the question of violence against children; the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict; and the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. She proposes to cooperate with the Representative of the Secretary-General on internally displaced persons; the Special Rapporteur on the right to education; the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people; the independent expert on minority issues; the independent expert on the question of human rights and extreme poverty; and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. The Special Rapporteur will join with other mandate holders in bringing particular situations to the attention of Governments and other concerned parties. Depending on the type of the violation reported, she expressed her desire to join forces with the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances; the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; or the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.