Imphal, 13th January 2017
The Civil Society Coalition on Human Rights in Manipur and UN (CSCHR Manipur) submitted its joint stakeholders’ submission report, “BROKEN PROMISES AND ABDICATED OBLIGATIONS” on the status of human rights in Manipur to the UN Human Rights Council for consideration during the examination of India in the third cycle of Universal Periodic Review on the 4th of May this year. The report, which was submitted on 22 September 2016, was prepared through a collective wide-ranging consultative process, consisting of several formal meetings conducted from August to September 2016.
While voicing clear concerns regarding the increasingly openly and deliberately flaunted human rights protection and promotion by states worldwide, CSCHR’s report focuses on the continuing serious concerns regarding the human rights situation prevailing in Manipur. Manipur remains one of the States with a continuous peoples’ movement for the right to self-determination in India since its merger with the Indian union in 1949 in conditions that violated international law.
The report also highlighted very substantive gaps between the information shared by the government and other stakeholders, the recommendations arising therefrom, the acceptance of such recommendations and their implementation by the government of India. India’s approach to this review of deciding to selectively “accept” specific human rights recommendations regarding the outcomes of its UPR 1st cycle and UPR 2nd cycle reviews undermines the basic principle of human rights and its total disregard of parliamentary scrutiny and public accountability also defeats the purpose of setting up such principles and mechanisms to monitor the implementation and achievements in protecting and promoting human rights.
India has also failed to realize its guarantee under Article 253 of its Constitution in fulfilling international human rights obligations by making necessary and appropriate legislation or incorporating new amending provisions in existing domestic laws in accordance with international standards.
Describing the serious situation prevailing in Manipur, the CSCHR report sought the Human Rights Council’s attention on serious violations of civil and political rights under a repressive de facto military regime and state of emergency that has existed from the 50s. Militarisation has impacted on every sphere of human development and governance, and indigenous peoples’ rights are being aggressively violated. CSCHR also informed the UN about the serious challenges confronting the indigenous peoples of Manipur today due to the state sponsored infusion of outsiders and migrants into Manipur that has dangerous implications to the survival of the native inhabitants, and has also led to land alienation, economic subjugation, political repression, irreparable injury to indigenous culture and tradition, conflicts and violence.
The following recommendations were submitted to be made to the government of India and its union States:
- Government of India should respect the Manipur peoples’ right to self-determination as per the General Assembly Resolution 1514, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples and seek a political solution to the ongoing armed conflict in Manipur.
- Government of India should repeal Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 as recommended by previous UPR Working Group, Human Rights Committee, Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights, Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Committee on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women as well as the Special Rapporteurs on Human Rights Defender, Summary, Arbitrary and Extra-judicial Executions, Violence Against Women, etc.
- Government of India should also repeal other security legislations and counter terrorism measures, such as the Unlawful Activity Prevention Act, 1967, National Security act, 1980, etc.
- Government of India should promptly investigate and prosecute all Indian security forces involved in gross human rights violations.
- That the Government of India should remove all its “Reservations” and “Declarations” on all International Conventions and Treaties.
- The government of India should ensure that all MoUs for mega dams in Manipur, without indigenous peoples free, prior and informed consent be withdrawn.
- The Government of India and Jubilant Energy should stop all petroleum and drilling related activities in Manipur till indigenous peoples’ rights over their land and resources are recognized.
- Policies introduced such as the North East Hydrocarbon Policy, 2030, the Manipur Hydroelectric Policy of 2012, Manipur Loktak Lake (Protection) Act, 2006, should be repealed.
- Stop all plans for forced commissioning of Mapithel Dam. The 105 MW Loktak Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project should be decommissioned
- The Government should stop targeting human rights defenders and indigenous organizations involved in promoting sustainable development and in challenging destructive projects
- All projects financed by IFIs should take the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples and fully adheres with the provisions of the UN Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples (UNDRIP)
- Recognition of indigenous people as ‘indigenous’ by guaranteeing all indigenous rights of protection and positive discrimination that includes ownership over land and resources.
- The Government should fully implement the provisions of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 2007
- Ratify the International Labour Organisation’s convention No. 169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples’ Rights.
PLEASE CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW TO READ THE FULL REPORT
END MARTIAL LAW GOVERNANCE, INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ RIGHTS VIOLATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT AGGRESSION IN MANIPUR, INDIA: PROMULGATE A FITTING PUBLIC POLICY TO PROTECT INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN MANIPUR
“Protecting indigenous peoples is protecting the Earth.”
[CSCHR, Solidarity Statement to the WCIP 2014]
22 SEPTEMBER 2014
On the occasion of the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples. a High Level Plenary Meeting of the UN General Assembly, from 22-23 September 2014, New York City, CSCHR transmitted a Solidarity Statement through its delegation led by Mr Jiten Yumnam.
- Manipur, an ancient indigenous native state of Asia known by various names in the past – Mekley, Kathé, Kangleipak – now an Indian provincial State located in its North East territories aptly embodies the struggles indigenous peoples worldwide are undergoing today, at the same time tragic and heroic in character.
- Like most indigenous peoples territories, from the Amazon and the Andes to North American plains and river basins, from the southern Africa to the Asia and the Pacific, where indigenous peoples and their communities have always lived close to each other and shared their natural inheritance, Manipur is a province with a territory shared by 33 communities indigenous to the region that straddles South and South East Asia.
- Throughout the greater part of the modern period of India’s independent history, from the 1950s till today, the indigenous peoples of Manipur comprising broadly of the Meitei, Naga and Kuki-Chin groups face three critical areas of threat that are relentlessly obliterating us, destroying our lands and extinguishing our great cultural heritage.
- Protecting indigenous peoples is protecting the Earth. The Government of India must end its denial of the existence of indigenous peoples within its territories, and embrace totally the undertaking in the United Nations to secure the rights of indigenous peoples.
TO READ THE FULL SOLIDARITY STATEMENT, CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW
CSCHR convenes a Civil Society Round Table Strategy Meeting on second UPR of India – Community Seminar – on 28 June 2012
CSCHR convenes a Civil Society Round Table Strategy Meeting – a Community Seminar – on 2nd Universal Periodic Review if India on Thursday28 June 2012 at the Conference Hall of Manipur Voluntary Health Association,Wangkhei Ningthem Pukhri Mapal, Imphal, India.
Civil society organisations, women’s organisations, human rights defenders (HRDs), and other organisations such as Loktak Lake Area Fishermen’s Union, etc. of Manipur attended the meeting. In recognition of the solidarity, sacrifice and struggle of the invited organisations and HRDs for the peoples’ human rights and collective rights, to end oppressive policies and laws, in particular the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act of 1958 and establish peace in our lands and territories, the strategy meeting will particularly decide on a course of action for the next two months to advocate for the key recommendations, relevant to Manipur and the North East region of India, arising from the second review of India at the Human Rights Council to be accepted by the Indian government.
The meeting was Moderated by Mr Phulindro Konsam, Committee on Human Rights Manipur (COHR Manipur).
After Advocate Angomcha Araba of Life Watch warmly welcomed the invited delegations. an introduction of UPR and 2nd Cycle UPR of India, UN Human Rights Council recommendations to India was shared by Dr. Debabrata Roy Laifungbam, Convenor of CSCHR and Convenor of CORE.
PLEASE CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW TO READ THE UPR INFORMATION LEAFLET
Mr Yumnam Jiten, Citizens Concern for Dams and Development (CCDCD) shared his experience as a Manipur Delegation to 2nd cycle UPR of India, Human Rights Council in Geneva.